The main objective of this project is merely to prove that the author's design of the vertical axis run of river water turbine can generate power in form of electric

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Design and Analysis of Run-of-River Water Turbine By

Muhammad Afif bin llbam

Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Mechanical Engineering

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS Bandar Seri Iskandar

31750 Tronoh Perak Darul Ridzuan

SEPTEMBER 2011

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CERTIFICATION OF APPROVAL

Design and Analysis of Run-of-River Water Turbine

Approved by,

By

Muhammad Afif bin Ilham

A project dissertation submitted to the Mechanical Engineering Programme

UniversitiTeknologi PETRONAS in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (Hons) (MECHANICAL ENGINEERING)

l]do?f:ii:i;., Nm)

Project Supervisor

MOHO FAIZAIRI MOHO NOR

Lecturer

Mechanical Engineering Programmt UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONM aandar seri Iskandar, 31750 Tron0~'­

Per~k 1"\::.n•l Rifi·'''"'~'~ '"'""l"'vl"'"'

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS Tronoh, Perak

Sept2011

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CERTIFICATION OF ORIGINALITY

This is to certify that I am responsible for the work submitted in this project, that the original work is my own except as specified in the references and acknowledgements, and that the original work contained herein have not been undertaken or done by unspecified sources or persons.

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ABSTRACT

This paper discussed on the project entitled, "Design and analysis of run-of-river water turbine". It consists of project background, objectives, problem statements, and the relevance of the project, literature reviews, and the methodology which is the flow of the project and finally the result and discussion before the conclusion. In this project the author design a run of river water turbine and analyze the power that can be generated by the turbine.

The study is about gathering all possible information about river water turbine for further studies which will lead to the result of the design of the water turbine and the power generated by the turbine. The main objective of this project is merely to prove that the author's design of the vertical axis run of river water turbine can generate power in form of electric. Water turbines can be classified depending on the direction of rotational axis relative to water flow direction. Axial flow water turbines have their axis of rotation parallel to water stream direction. Other turbines such as cross flow water turbines or Darrieus type water turbines (from Jean-Marie Darrieus, inventor of first vertical axis wind turbine, have rotational axis perpendicular to current direction. A vertical-axis turbine is able to extract power from any direction without adjustment.

At the end of this research, the conclusion that can be obtained is the run-of river water turbine can generate power. In order to provide such conclusion, the data that need to be cousidered are the river water velocity, the cross sectional area of the augmentation channeling, and the height of the augmentation channel that would be immersed in the water.

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AC~OLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, highest gratitude to Allah the almighty for upon His guidance and will, had blessed the author with good health and mind in order to complete the Final Year Project (FYP) successfully within the time given.

The author wishes to express his utmost appreciation to his project supervisor Mr. Mohd Faizari Mohd Nor for having confidence in the author to be his FYP student and guiding the author throughout the research. His continuous support since the beginning until the end of the research is highly appreciated.

The author also hopes to send his deepest appreciation to Mechanical Engineering Department of Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) for excellent support in terms of providing invaluable knowledge and information for the whole period of project.

Special thanks to the author's family and fellow colleagues especially to for their support and help throughout the completion of this research.

Last but not least, to all who's involved in making this research a success, thank you for your help, motivation and encouragement. This will be a excellent experience and the author hopes tbat it will bring beneficial output to others as well. The author sincerely appreciates all your kindheartedness.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT. i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS iii

LIST OF FIGURES vi

LIST OF TABLES vii

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1

1.1

1.2

Background of Study

1

1.3

Problem Statement

1

1.3.1

Problem identification

1

1.3.2

Significant of the project

2

1.4

Objective

2

1.5

Scope of Study

2

1.6 The relevancy of the project 3

1.7 Feasibility of the project 3

CHAPTER2: LITERATURE REVIEW 4

2.1

Flowing river . 4

2.2

Run- of river water turbine 5

2.3

Vertical axis run - of river water turbine 6

2.4

FLUENT software 7

2.5

Material Selection 8

iii

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CHAPTER 3:METHODOLOGY . 10

3.1 Research Methodology 10

3.2 Project Activities 11

3.2.1 Review Existing Turbine Design 12

3.2.2 Modification of Design 13

3.2.3 Design of Augmentation Channel 14

3 .2.4 Material Selection 15

3.2.5 Analysis using CFD Software 17

3.3 GantChart 17

3.4 Key Milestones 18

CHAPTER 4: RESULT & DISCUSSION 19

4.1 Proposed Design 19

4.1.1 Water Wheel 19

4.1.2 Augmentation Channeling 20

4.2 Analysis of Result 21

4 .2.1 Velocity Profile . 21

4.2.2 Velocity Contour 22

4.2.3 Pressure Contour 23

4.3 Calculation 24

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