Understanding released extremist detainees’ mindset through social media posts: A multimodal critical discourse perspectives on Malaysian cases

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Understanding Released Extremist Detainees’

Understanding Released Extremist Detainees’

Mindset through Social Media Posts:

Understanding Released Extremist Detainees’

Mindset through Social Media Posts:

Mindset through Social Media Posts:

A Multimodal Critical Discourse Perspectives Mindset through Social Media Posts:

A Multimodal Critical Discourse Perspectives A Multimodal Critical Discourse Perspectives

on Malaysian Cases

A Multimodal Critical Discourse Perspectives on Malaysian Cases

on Malaysian Cases

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Research Team Dr. Nurul Miza Rashid

Kuliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, IIUM

Dr. Ahmad El-Muhammady

The International Institute of Islamic

Thought and Civilisation (ISTAC-IIUM)

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"

Outline ! About the Research

! Methodology

! Preliminary Analysis of Social Media Posts

! Cause for Concern

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FORMER (VIOLENT) FORMER (VIOLENT) EXTREMIST DETAINEES’

EXTREMIST DETAINEES’

SOCIAL MEDIA POSTS

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Reintegration of Released Extremist Detainees

! "Sentencing or incarcerating terrorism suspects is not the end of the story, but just the beginning of the next phase: either a process of reintegration, or the start of a new cycle of extremism/violence.”

(Weggemans & de Graaf, 2017)

! “Post-incarceration social reintegration is uniquely compromised for individuals in a hate-based lifestyle.”

(Dunbar, 2022)

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Linguistic Research on Violent Extremism

! Linguistic analysis (Multimodal and CDA analyses) on extremist groups’ propaganda materials (Dabiq, Wignell, O’Halloran, Tan, Lange and Chai, 2018; Baker and Vessey, 2018; Al-Rikaby and Tengku Mahadi, 2018;

Wignell, Tan, and O’Halloran’s, 2017; Aqsa Mat Isa, 2020), as well as social media activities (Rasoulikolamaki &

Kaur, 2021)

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RESEARCH AIM

To shed light on extremist detainees’ post- imprisonment mindset via their social media

posts to examine whether there is a complete disengagement or re-engagement

with (violent) extremist ideologies

Discursive

Strategies Identities Justifications

of Claims Levels of

Re-engagement

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THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

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DISCOURSE DISCOURSE-

DISCOURSE-HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS (

HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS

((REISIGL

HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS HISTORICAL APPROACH (DHA) TO CDS

REISIGL & WODAK, 2016)

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The DHA Visual Discursive

Strategies

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METHODOLOGY

! Data Selection

- Ex-detainees‘ socmed accounts recommended by experts

(academic and special branch agent); ex-detainees‘ socmed friends - Post-imprisonment posts + engagements to posts

! Data Analysis

- Multimodal transcription and analysis using Atlas.ti

- The DHA applied: nomination and predication strategies (labels and qualities)

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Preliminary

Preliminary Analysis Analysis Analysis

Case A

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Key Topics

2 Accounts of the day of arrest (Reasons for arrest)

2 Reasons for radicalisation

2 Post-imprisonment life

2 Prison experience

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Key Topic

Hate towards the Malaysian government and the Malay people Reasons for Radicalisation

“Growing up hating the Malays. Hate the custom, culture, and the Malay system. ”

“The place I live in is filled with immorality. The time I live in is filled with

immorality... As long as I’m here, my soul will not be purified. .. In October 2014,

I was determined to migrate (to the conflict zone)... and I was captured. ”

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Key Topic

Reasons for Arrest

Sharing of materials, supporting and going to travel to join Daesh

I’m...a blogger, a fan and a supporter of IS”

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La w En fo rc em en t

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“Jih ad is t w an n ab e”

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“Goats trying to teach lions how to prey”

THEM US

“If ‘real jihadist’ exists, there would also be ‘jihadist wannabe’, right?“

These are how he talks about the jihadist wannabe. It’s implicitly portraying how he views himself and the other (the wannabe).

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fighters/ suicide bombers / suicide bombers / suicide bombers lion / suicide bombers lion

lion = / suicide bombers / suicide bombers / suicide bombers

= brave

/ suicide bombers / suicide bombers / suicide bombers

/ suicide bombers attributed the qualities of a attributed the qualities of a / suicide bombers

brave

brave (Aqsa Mat Isa, 2020)

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! Freedom of expression?

! No indication of violence = safe?

! Comment & support by fellow detainees / previous followers – an echo chamber that impedes successful reintegration?

! Recall of past events –

“I was arrested by the police“ vs.

“I was arrested by the Taghut police”

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